All You Need to Know About IUDs for Family Planning

At our clinic, we understand the importance of providing women with effective birth control options that suit their individual needs. One such option is the intrauterine device (IUD), a small T-shaped device that is inserted into the uterus to prevent pregnancy. In this article, we will discuss the benefits, risks, and types of IUDs available, as well as the insertion and removal process.

Benefits of IUDs

Intrauterine devices (IUDs) are a highly effective form of birth control that have several benefits:

Long-term contraception: IUDs are a long-acting reversible contraceptive option that can provide protection against unintended pregnancy for three to ten years, depending on the type of IUD used.

High efficacy: IUDs are one of the most effective forms of birth control available. They have a failure rate of less than 1%, which is much lower than other methods such as the pill or condoms.

Convenient: Once an IUD is inserted, there is no need to remember to take a pill or use a contraceptive method before having sex. This can be especially helpful for people who have difficulty remembering to take a pill every day.

Hormone-free option: Copper IUDs are a hormone-free option for people who cannot or do not want to use hormonal contraceptives.

Can be used while breastfeeding: Hormonal IUDs can be used while breastfeeding and do not affect milk production.

Reduced menstrual bleeding: Hormonal IUDs can reduce the amount and length of menstrual bleeding, which can be beneficial for people with heavy or painful periods.

Cost-effective: While the upfront cost of an IUD may be more expensive than other forms of birth control, they are cost-effective over time due to their long-lasting nature.

Overall, IUDs are a highly effective and convenient form of birth control that can provide long-term protection against unintended pregnancy..

Another benefit of IUDs is that they do not affect a woman’s natural hormone levels, unlike other forms of birth control such as the pill or the patch. This means that women who cannot take hormonal birth control due to medical reasons can still use an IUD.

Types of IUDs

An intrauterine device (IUD) is a small, T-shaped device that is inserted into a woman’s uterus to provide long-term contraception. There are two varieties of IUDs:

Hormonal IUDs: These contain a progestin hormone called levonorgestrel, which is released gradually into the uterus to prevent pregnancy. Hormonal IUDs can last up to 3-5 years depending on the brand, and are over 99% effective at preventing pregnancy.

Copper IUDs: These contain a small amount of copper wire and work by creating an inflammatory response in the uterus, which prevents fertilization and implantation. Copper IUDs can last up to 10 years and are over 99% effective at preventing pregnancy.

Both types of IUDs are reversible and can be removed at any time if a woman decides she wants to become pregnant. IUDs are a highly effective form of birth control that do not require daily or weekly attention, making them a convenient option for many women. However, they do not protect against sexually transmitted infections (STIs), so it’s important to use condoms or other barrier methods in addition to an IUD if STI protection is needed.

Insertion and Removal

Insertion and removal of an intrauterine device (IUD) should only be performed by a trained healthcare provider. The process for insertion and removal may vary slightly depending on the type of IUD, but the following is a general overview:


A healthcare provider will conduct a pelvic exam to determine the position and size of the uterus.

The cervix is then gently cleaned and may be numbed with a local anesthetic.

The IUD is inserted into the uterus through the cervix using a small, flexible inserter device. The arms of the IUD will open once it is in place.

The inserter device is removed, leaving the IUD in place.

After insertion, a woman may experience cramping, spotting, or light bleeding for a few days to a few weeks.


A healthcare provider will locate the strings attached to the IUD, which hang down through the cervix into the vagina.

The strings are gently pulled with forceps, which will cause the arms of the IUD to fold up and allow it to be removed from the uterus.

The entire process usually only takes a few minutes and may cause some mild cramping or discomfort.

It is important to note that an IUD can be removed at any time by a healthcare provider, and fertility usually returns quickly after removal. If a woman wants to continue using an IUD for birth control after removal, a new one can be inserted at the same visit.

Risks and Side Effects

While intrauterine devices (IUDs) are generally safe and effective, they do carry some risks and side effects. These may vary depending on the type of IUD:


Pelvic infection: There is a small risk of developing a pelvic infection shortly after insertion, which can lead to infertility if left untreated.

Expulsion: In rare cases, the IUD may be expelled from the uterus, leading to unintended pregnancy.

Perforation: There is a small risk that the IUD may perforate (puncture) the uterus during insertion, although this is extremely rare.

Side effects:

Cramping and spotting: It is common to experience some cramping and spotting for a few days to a few weeks after insertion.

Irregular bleeding: Some women may experience irregular bleeding or heavier periods with a copper IUD. Hormonal IUDs may cause lighter periods or no periods at all.

Hormonal side effects: Hormonal IUDs may cause mood changes, breast tenderness, acne, or headaches in some women.

It is important to discuss any concerns or questions about the risks and side effects of IUDs with a healthcare provider before making a decision about using this method of birth control. Women who have a history of pelvic infections or certain health conditions may not be good candidates for an IUD.


IUDs are a highly effective and convenient form of birth control that can provide women with peace of mind when it comes to preventing pregnancy. At our clinic, we offer both hormonal and non-hormonal IUDs, as well as expert guidance and support throughout the insertion and removal process. If you are interested in learning more about IUDs, please schedule a consultation with one of our doctors today.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Back to top button